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Are workers employees?

2020-10-07T22:55:00+01:00October 11th, 2020|Categories: Blog|Tags: , , , , |

It is important to know whether a worker is employed or self-employed as there are many differences in the way in which they will be taxed. Broadly, employees are taxed under the PAYE system with income tax and Class 1 national insurance contributions (NICs) being deducted from payments made to them. Class 1 NICs are also payable by employers. In contrast, the self-employed pay income tax and Class 4 NICs direct to HMRC, and are also currently liable to Class 2 NICs. Some important differences are that: currently, self-employed people have a lower liability to NICs than employees (especially [...]

The Coronavirus Job Retention Scheme (CJRS) is changing

2020-06-02T23:22:51+01:00June 3rd, 2020|Categories: COVID-19, PAYE|Tags: , , , , , |

UK Chancellor Rishi Sunak outlined changes to the furlough scheme during the daily press briefing (29 May 2020). The Chancellor stated that in June and July the furlough scheme will continue as before, but employers will be asked to cover National Insurance and employer pension contributions in August. By September, businesses will pay 10% of wages for furloughed staff, and in October 20%, the UK chancellor said. This means the subsidy will taper off from August, with businesses expected to pay a greater share of their staff salaries, starting with covering National Insurance and pension contributions. From September the [...]

Profit extraction in 2020/21 – What is the optimal salary?

2020-04-01T20:00:49+01:00April 15th, 2020|Categories: Blog, Limited Company, PAYE|Tags: , , , , , |

A popular tax-efficient profit extraction strategy used by personal and family companies is to take a small salary and extract further profits as dividends. Where this approach is adopted, the starting point is to determine the optimal salary. While this will depend on personal circumstances and there is no excuse for not doing the sums, there are some general guidelines. Where the director does not have the requisite 35 qualifying years to provide access to the full single tier state pension paying a salary at least equal to the lower earnings limit for Class 1 National Insurance purposes (set [...]

Coronavirus Job Retention Scheme

2020-03-25T11:55:45+00:00March 25th, 2020|Categories: Blog, COVID-19|Tags: , , , |

The Government has announced its plans for financial assistance to help employers retain employees for an extended period of time, although offering no work, and avoid lay-offs. It is called the Job Retention Scheme and, while little information has been published as to how it will work, we have set out below what we do know, which will be updated as more details are released. What is the Job Retention Scheme? It involves employers placing their employees on “furlough”. This is a term which is typically used in the US and essentially means putting employees on temporary leave of [...]

Covid-19 – Support for UK Businesses

2020-03-25T11:43:47+00:00March 19th, 2020|Categories: Blog, COVID-19|Tags: , , , , , , |

The Chancellor has set out a package of measures to support public services, people and businesses through this period of disruption caused by COVID-19. This includes a package of measures to support businesses including: Statutory Sick Pay relief package for SMEs 12-month business rates holiday for all retail, hospitality and leisure businesses in England Small business grant funding of £10,000 for all business in receipt of small business rate relief or rural rate relief Grant funding of £25,000 for retail, hospitality and leisure businesses with property with a rateable value between £15,000 and £51,000 A Business Interruption Loan Scheme [...]

Increased National Minimum Wage rates from April 2020

2020-02-11T22:17:18+00:00February 14th, 2020|Categories: Blog, PAYE|Tags: , , , |

Some three million workers are set to benefit from increases to the National Living Wage (NLW) and minimum wage rates for younger workers from 1 April 2020. The compulsory NLW is the national rate set for people aged 25 and over. The NLW is enforced by HMRC alongside the national minimum wage (NMW), which they have enforced since its introduction in 1999. Generally all those who are covered by the NMW, and are 25 years old and over, will be covered by the NLW. These include: - employees; - most workers and agency workers; - casual labourers; - agricultural [...]

Employment allowance

2019-08-23T16:22:32+01:00August 9th, 2019|Categories: Blog, PAYE|Tags: , , , |

The employment allowance (EA) was introduced from April 2014, potentially cutting every employer’s NIC payments by allowing businesses and charities to offset up to a pre-set annual threshold (£3,000 from April 2016, previously £2,000) against their employer PAYE NIC liabilities. Employers may generally claim the EA if they are a business (including a Community Amateur Sports Club) that pays employer Class 1 NICs on employees’ or directors’ earnings and is not funded by central government or a charity. To keep the process as simple as possible for employers, the EA is delivered through standard payroll software and HMRC’s real [...]

The correct way with directors’ NICs

2019-08-23T16:22:52+01:00August 4th, 2019|Categories: Blog, PAYE|Tags: , , , |

In certain situations the non-cumulative nature for calculating employee Class 1 National Insurance Contributions (NICs) makes it possible to manipulate earnings to reduce the overall amount payable by taking advantage of the lower rate of primary Class 1 contributions payable once the upper earnings limit has been reached. This means that that an employee who is paid £2,000 each month of the year will pay considerably more in primary contributions than someone who is paid £600 for 11 months and £23,400 for one month, even though their total earnings for the year are the same. Company directors often have [...]

Reporting expenses and benefits for 2018/19

2019-09-02T11:28:50+01:00June 27th, 2019|Categories: Articles & Guides, Blog, PAYE|Tags: , , , , |

Where employees were provided with taxable benefits and expenses in 2018/19, these must be notified to HMRC. The reporting requirements depend on whether the benefits were payrolled or not. Benefits not payrolled Taxable benefits that were not payrolled in 2018/19 must be reported to HMRC on form P11D. There is no need to include benefits covered by an exemption (although take care where provision is made via an optional remuneration arrangement (OpRA)) or those included within a PAYE Settlement Agreement. Paid and reimbursed expenses can be ignored to the extent that they would be deductible if the employee met [...]

Are you paying the minimum wage?

2019-09-02T11:27:54+01:00June 23rd, 2019|Categories: Articles & Guides, Blog, PAYE|Tags: , , , , |

The National Living Wage (NLW) and National Minimum Wage (NMW) increased from 1 April 2019. From that date, the NLW, payable to workers aged 25 and over, is set at £8.21 per hour. Workers under the age of 25 and over school leaving age must be paid the NMW appropriate for their age. From 1 April 2019, this is £7.70 per hour for workers aged 21 to 24, £6.15 per hour for workers aged 18 to 20 and £4.35 for workers above school leaving age and under 18. A separate rate of £3.90 per hour applies to apprentices under [...]

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