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The correct way with directors’ NICs

2019-08-23T16:22:52+01:00August 4th, 2019|Categories: Blog, PAYE|Tags: , , , |

In certain situations the non-cumulative nature for calculating employee Class 1 National Insurance Contributions (NICs) makes it possible to manipulate earnings to reduce the overall amount payable by taking advantage of the lower rate of primary Class 1 contributions payable once the upper earnings limit has been reached. This means that that an employee who is paid £2,000 each month of the year will pay considerably more in primary contributions than someone who is paid £600 for 11 months and £23,400 for one month, even though their total earnings for the year are the same. Company directors often have [...]

Voluntary National Insurance contributions – should you pay?

2019-09-02T11:28:55+01:00June 29th, 2019|Categories: Articles & Guides, Blog|Tags: , , , |

The payment of National Insurance contributions provides the mechanism by which an individual builds up their entitlement to the state pension and certain contributory benefits. Different classes of contribution provide different benefit entitlements. Employed earners pay Class 1 contributions where their earnings exceed the lower earnings limit – set at £118 per week (£512 per month, £6,136 per year) for 2019/20. Self-employed earners pay Class 2 and Class 4 contributions, but it is the payment of Class 2 contributions only which provide pension and benefit entitlement. A self-employed earner is liable to pay Class 2 contributions where their earnings [...]

Reporting expenses and benefits for 2018/19

2019-09-02T11:28:50+01:00June 27th, 2019|Categories: Articles & Guides, Blog, PAYE|Tags: , , , , |

Where employees were provided with taxable benefits and expenses in 2018/19, these must be notified to HMRC. The reporting requirements depend on whether the benefits were payrolled or not. Benefits not payrolled Taxable benefits that were not payrolled in 2018/19 must be reported to HMRC on form P11D. There is no need to include benefits covered by an exemption (although take care where provision is made via an optional remuneration arrangement (OpRA)) or those included within a PAYE Settlement Agreement. Paid and reimbursed expenses can be ignored to the extent that they would be deductible if the employee met [...]

New NIC treatment of termination payments

2019-09-02T11:22:57+01:00June 12th, 2019|Categories: Blog, PAYE|Tags: , , , , |

The National Insurance Contributions Bill was introduced into Parliament on 25 April 2019. The Bill contains provisions designed to align the income tax and national insurance contributions (NICs) treatment of termination awards and sporting testimonials, closing a loophole which currently allows effective tax planning. If enacted, the new rules are expected to take effect from April 2020. HMRC believe that 'the current misalignment incentivises well advised employers to disguise final payments as compensatory termination payments that benefit from a NICs exemption'. Consequently, the new provisions will affect businesses that structure termination payments to reduce the tax and NICs liability with [...]

Employer responsibilities for tips

2019-09-02T11:22:04+01:00March 16th, 2019|Categories: Blog, PAYE|Tags: , , , , |

The tax and NIC treatment of tips will depend on how they are paid to the recipient. Cash tips handed to an employee, or say, left on the table at a restaurant and retained by the employee, are not subject to tax and NICs under PAYE, so there is not responsibility for the employer to keep track of them and deduct tax or NICs. The employee is however, obliged to declare the income to HMRC and pay the tax and NICs due. By contrast, if the employer passes tips to employees that are either handed to him (or the [...]

Class 2 NICs to remain

2019-09-01T22:08:17+01:00October 20th, 2018|Categories: Articles & Guides, Blog, HMRC, Self Employment|Tags: , , , , |

Self-employed earners (i.e. sole traders or partners) over the age of 16 and below state retirement age are currently liable to both Class 2 and Class 4 National Insurance contributions (NICs) unless specifically excepted by provisions contained in the Social Security Contributions and Benefits Act 1992. Former Chancellor, George Osborne, made proposals to abolish Class 2 NICs and reform the system for paying Class 4 NICs. The proposals were designed to simplify the tax system for the self-employed and offer them more equal access to contributory benefits. However, the Treasury recently announced that it will not now proceed as [...]

Abolition of Class 2 NICs

2019-09-01T12:02:08+01:00March 29th, 2017|Categories: Self Employment|Tags: , |

Originally announced at Budget 2016, the 2016 Autumn Statement confirmed that Class 2 National Insurance Contributions (NICs) will be abolished from April 2018, hopefully achieving the desired effect of simplifying National Insurance for the self-employed and making the system fairer for employed and self-employed individuals. At the same time as the abolition of Class 2 NICs, the system for Class 4 NICs will also be reformed to include a new threshold - to be called the 'small profits limit' (SPL). The amount of the SPL for 2018/19 is yet to be confirmed but is likely to be around £6,025. [...]